Tuesday, May 1, 2012

The Lost Kings of Gaul, and the Discovery of Atlantis?





      Everyone knows the history of the French Revolution and of those that lost their heads!  But, this is about the lost kings of Gaul, and a French Queen of Atlantis.  Before the Christian era in France, Gaul was ruled by kings.  Kings forgotten and unknown to history; except, for a few references in obscure histories.  Ones which we shall now explore, to find these lost kings. 

      First we will explore “The History of the Kings of Britain” by Geoffrey of Monmouth, which he completed in 1136 A.D.  After relating the history of the Trojan War survivor’s arrival in England; and the birth of Brutus, a descendant of Aeneas.  We find Brutus invading Gaul to expand his kingdom.  He battles and forces the retreat of King Goffar the Pict, ruler of Aquitaine and the Poitevin region.  It is also related;

“At that time there were in Gaul twelve kings of equal rank,

Under whose dominion, the whole country was ruled.”  (Part One: Brutus occupies the Island of Albion)

      Here we have an early reference which shows Gaul was ruled by Kings.     Another King of the Franks was Aganippus.  He is also known to us, as he married Cordelia, daughter of King Leir of England.

“…he ruled over a third of Gaul.”  (Part Two: Before the Romans Came)

      Suhard, the King of the Franks appears in Monmouth’s work as well.  He assists Ferrex in a civil war for control of England.   Lastly, Monmouth mentions Guitard, the leader of the Poitevins.  He is beaten by Hoel, the Knight of …King Arthur!  So we have learned from the British historian of some of the rulers of neighboring Gaul.



      Further stories are found in “The History of the Franks” by Gregory of Tours (539A.D.-
 594 A.D.).  He informs us that,

“Many people do not even know the name of the first king of the Franks.”(Book 2:9)


He further quotes a lost work, the 'Historia of Sulpicius Alexander', which relates that

“At that time the Franks invaded the Roman Province of Germania under their leaders Genobaud, Marcomer, and Sunno.” (Book 2:9)

      This same Sulpicius states that these three were Kings or leaders among the Franks; but fails to mention the name of the King of the Franks, which he only alludes to.  Gregory of Tours further history leads into the early Christian era, and the known line of Merovingian kings. 



      Now some observations can be made from the two histories.  There were kings in Gaul that were of equal rank as Monmouth notes.  Then from Tours we gain a glimpse of a king over all France.  The Gaul’s were Celtic peoples, like the Irish and the Picts of Scotland.  We know that Ireland had regional kings.  But, a Monarch over all Ireland; their Celtic brothers in France may have had a similar structure.  This leads us to my last source, the Irish histories recorded in O’ Harts pedigree works, “Irish Pedigrees.”



      John O’ Harts, “Irish Pedigrees – The Origin of the Irish Nation”, has a genealogical listing of all the High Kings or Monarchs of Ireland.  Starting from the first B.C. era kings to the Christian era.  It is derived from all the ancient histories of Ireland, saved and translated by the studious monks of Ireland.  One of these Monarchs was Ugaine Mor; here is his revealing story.

      “Ugaine Mor, his son {son of Eochaidh Duadach} This Ugaine (or Hugony)  the Great was the 66th Monarch of Ireland {633 B.C.}, was called Mor on account of his extensive dominions – being sovereign of all the Islands of western Europe.  Was married to Caesair, daughter to the King of France…” (Chapter IV: The Line of Heremon)

      It is further related, he was contemporary with Alexander the Great, and had invaded into Africa, Sicily, and Gaul!  This Ugaines’ reign seems to echo ancient  Atlantis.  Atlantis also invaded into the same areas as this Irish Monarch.

      The story of Atlantis was recorded by Greek philosopher Plato (424 B.C.– 347 B.C.).  He states that a war occurred between those of the Mediterranean, and those of the Atlantic.

“…the combatants on the other side were led by the kings of the islands of Atlantis…” (Atlantis The Antediluvian World)

      It is important to note that there were multiple islands and kings in the Atlantean Empire.  Ireland and Britain may have been part of this empire.  They are said to have conquered as far as Libya and Tyrrhenian Sea. Could the invasion by Ugaine Mor have been the inspiration for the Atlantis legend; or is it just coincidence?  O’Hart's work gives multiple dates for Ugaine’s reign.  One has him listed as reigning around 633 B.C.; another places him around the time of Alexander the Great (356 – 323 B.C.)!  Either date might allow for the creation of the Atlantis myth.  But it would make Plato a story teller, rather than a preserver of a golden age legend.  Perhaps the truth still lies beneath the Atlantic Ocean.  

There is another interesting anomaly in the listings of the Irish monarchs.

      “Siorna ‘Saoghalach’ (longaevus): his son {son of Dein}; was the 34th Monarch; he obtained the name “Saoghalach” on account of his long life; slain, B.C. 1030, at Aillin, by Rotheachta, of the line of Heber Fionn,” (Chapter IV: The Line of Heremon)

      The role of the monarchs also lists him as living 250 years, while reigning 150!  What is interesting is that Plato dates the time of Atlantis founding as 9000 years before his time.  If you drop one zero you have a date around 1200 B.C.  Perhaps we have found the date for the sinking of Atlantis!  The long reign of Siorna may be hiding the truth; a huge disaster that affected the Atlantic region.  This long reign is covering up the destruction, which may have left them without organized rulers for some time.  The horror of the disaster may have made them hide, and expunge the continent of Atlantis from there histories.  Anyways the genealogy does list his son, who never became a monarch.

      Now of course I’m beating around the bush in regards to Plato’s possible stretching of the truth.  I think it can be shown that Atlantis sinking was closer than 9,000 years before Plato’s time, or around 12,000 B.C.  And I’m going to quote Plato to prove it!  

      “And that is the reason why the sea in those parts is impassible and impenetrable, because there is such a quantity of shallow mud in the way; and this was caused by the subsidence of the Island.’ (Plato’s Dialogues,”ii., 517, Timaeus.)”  (Atlantis the Antediluvian World)

      Oops Plato, if Atlantis sank nine-thousand years before your time;   surely the Atlantic would have been clear after only a thousand years!   So  Plato is trying to explain the current mud blocking ships sailing into the Atlantic, in his time, on a sinking 9000 years ago? Clearly the sinking occurred closer to Plato’s age! 

        Speculating on the two incidences in the Irish monarchs’ history, perhaps Plato took two events and combined them. First, the sinking of an Atlantic island around 1200 B.C. in Siorna’s reign.   Second the invasion from the Atlantic, 600 years later, under the reign of Ugaine Mor.  Thus Plato had the beginnings of an epic story! 

      There is one last quote from O’ Hart that will make you wonder.  The 79th Monarch of Ireland, who was a contemporary with Plato.  He was named “Eochaidh Alt-Leathan" (395 B.C); or should that be Eochaidh the Atlantean?

     Summing it up, it can be shown that there were kings in Gaul in the B.C. period.  Clearly appearing in the Histories of other countries, and in French history.  The Gaul’s were a Celtic people, if they followed there brothers in Ireland; then they recorded their history. History that monks could have saved, as their counterparts did in Ireland.  This same history may contain references to Atlantis.   Perhaps collecting dust in Monastic Libraries in France; will be found the stories of the Lost Kings of Gaul, and of the legend of Atlantis!

All quotes used with the permision of the publishers!

"The History of the Franks", by Gregory of Tours; Translated by Lewis Thorpe
Penquin Books Limited, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England
Copyright 1974

"The History of the Kings of Britain", by Geoffrey of Monmouth; Translated by Lewis Thorpe'
Penquin Books Limited, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England
Copyright 1966


"Atlantis: The Antediluvian World", by Ignatius Donnelly & E.F. Bleiler
Dover Publications, Inc.
180 Varick street
New York, N.Y. 10014
Copyright 1976

"Irish Pedigrees - The Origin of the Irish Nation", by John O' Hart (In Four Volumes)
Originally Published 1875
The Long Riders' Guild Press








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